90 Day Trial Periods
The often controversial 90 Day Trial Period has been scrapped for all large businesses. Businesses with 20 or more employees will no longer be able to insert trial periods into new employment agreements once the legislation has passed. Existing trial periods, and trial periods that begin before the legislation is passed will continue to have effect.
Businesses with 19 or fewer employees can continue to use trial periods, and large businesses can still put new employees (or employees changing roles) on a probationary period to discover if the employee is suitable for the role.
Probationary periods contain significantly more protection for employees, and there are more pitfalls for employers to consider – in particular employers need a justified reason for dismissal. Many employers will not have had much experience with probationary periods. Most will have simply used trial periods. If employers are going to use probationary periods it will be vital for them to get suitable legal advice about the operation and technicalities of these periods.
New employees will be required to be employed on terms consistent with any current collective agreement for the first 30 days of their employment. There is also a requirement that prospective employees will be provided with information about unions in the workplace.
Collective agreements will be required to include pay rates or ranges of pay rates for various levels of staff. Employers will no longer be able to opt out of multi-employment collective agreements and will be bound by a duty to conclude negotiations with unions in good faith.
There are greater protections for union members – it will be much harder for employers to discriminate against union members. Union members will also have the ability to engage in low-level industrial action without the threat of pay deductions.
Labour also plans to repeal what was known as the “Hobbit Law” – legislation that prevented film workers from collective bargaining as they were engaged as independent contractors rather than employees.
Rest and Meal Breaks
Mandatory rest and meal breaks will be re-introduced after the previous government relaxed protection for these breaks – employers were able to compensate workers for missed breaks. There will be exceptions for very specific industries (such as air traffic controllers). Lees-Galloway has signalled that very few businesses will qualify for exceptions.
More protections for foreign workers
While not currently in proposed legislation, the Government has signalled that it is looking to introduce more protections for foreign workers employed by foreign companies, but working in New Zealand. This would see these workers having the same protections, such as the minimum wage, as New Zealand workers.
The Government have signalled that youth pay rates are going to be abolished. However this is not likely to be achieved in the near future, but sometime in the next 12 months.
Labour have also signalled that one of its major employment goals will be achieving equal pay for both males and females performing the same role. It will certainly be interesting to see the details of this legislation when they come out.
These changes will run alongside changes that Labour has already enacted:
Minimum wage increase
The minimum wage is to rise by 75c to $16.50 an hour from April 1. Increases are set to continue with a targeted minimum wage of $20 by April 2021.
Paid parental leave has been extended
An increase from 18 to 22 weeks is already confirmed, to take effect from 1 July, with further increases to 26 weeks from 1 July 2020.